Gum Disease

Also known as periodontal disease, gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it. Gum disease is caused by plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth.

Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, when the gums become red, swollen, and bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is treatable and can usually be eliminated by daily brushing and flossing.

Gum Disease illustration show the difference between normal gums and the condition we call periodontitis.
 Common signs of gum disease include:
  • gums that bleed easily
  • red, swollen, tender gums
  • gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • persistent bad breath or bad taste
  • permanent teeth that are loose or separating
  • any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • any change in the fit of partial dentures
Certain factors can increase a patient’s risk of developing gum disease, including:
  • Smoking or using chewing tobacco
  • Diabetes
  • Certain types of medication, such as steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives
  • Bridges that no longer fit properly
  • Crooked teeth
  • Old fillings
  • Pregnancy
By practicing good oral hygiene at home and visiting us for dental checkups, you can significantly reduce your chances of gum disease. Remember to brush and floss regularly, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits to help keep your smile healthy.

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